Is teaching important? Well, of course it is. There was a time when the necessary knowledge could be taught to the young by family members. But as societies became more complex and division of labor more common, it was impossible for family members to teach the information and skills young people needed to become useful members of the society. As the need for specialists appeared, the job of teaching came into being in our country, and teaching as a job has been of increasing importance over the past hundred years. Today, we have strict rules for teachers. We hope all children can attend schools. Many things tell us that teaching is indeed an "important" job.
In recent years, there has been an increasing need for teachers to be "responsible". This means that the public expects teachers to succeed in teaching important information to the young. Teachers' salaries today, while not much, certainly are much higher than they were in years past. These increases have come about because people have realized that without enough salaries, people who have abilities will not become teachers. Today almost no one says that "anybody will do" for a teacher. The public expects "quality people" to teach the young, and progress is being made to give salaries that will make people who have abilities become teachers.
1. Before the job of teaching came into being, __ .
A. family members had been responsible for the education of the young
B. specialists had been in charge of teaching young people
C. young people had had to be self-educated
D. the society had played an important role in educating young people
2. The job of teaching came into being mainly because of __ .
A. the development of the society
B. the explosion of information
C. The need for specialists
D. the civilization of human beings
3. Teachers' salaries are raised today in order to __ .
A. show the importance of teaching as a job
B. attract more qualified people to become teachers
C. make teachers "responsible" in their teaching
D. improve the quality of public teaching
4. "Anybody will do" for a teacher means that __ .
A. almost all people want to become a teacher
B. a teacher is so highly respected that people all want to help him
C. a teacher will do whatever he can for his students
D. the job of teaching is so easy that everybody can do it
5. We know from the passage that __ .
A. it is important to be successful in teaching the young
B. enough salaries are necessary in making quality people become teachers
C. greater progress has to be made in teaching
D. teaching is a product of the society's division of labor