尚德商城| 个人中心| 注册| 登录 关注尚德 移动客户端

2017年成人学位英语词汇常考考点二

   三、容易弄错的集合名词


  It is reported that a great number of ______died in the drought.

  A.cattles  B.polices  C.peoples  D.poultry

  此题应选D。其余几项均可能被误选。此题主要涉及集合名词的用法,下面将集合名词的有关用法作一归纳:

  Ⅰ类:这一类包括cattle(牛),people(人),police(警察),poul-try(家禽)等,其用法特点为:只有单数形式,但却表示复数意义,用作主语时谓语通常也用复数;不与a(n)连用,但可与the连用(表示总括意义和特指):The police are looking for him.People will laugh at you.

  Ⅱ类:这一类包括family(家庭),team(队),class(班),audience(听众)等,其用法特点为:若视为整体,表示单数意义;若考虑其个体成员,表示复数意义。比较:

  This class consists of 45 pupils.这个班由45个学生组成。

  This class are studying English now.这个班的学生在学习英语。

  Ⅲ类:这一类包括baggage/luggage(行李),clothing(衣服),furniture(家俱),machinery(机器)等,其用法特点为:是不可数名词,要用单数形式,不用不定冠词(当然更不能用数词),没有复数形式:

  Our clothing protects us from against the cold.我们的衣服可以御寒。

  Have you checked all your baggage?你所有行李都托运了吗?

  四、means用法易错点

  Every possible means_____ been tried,and wefind only______ this means can we do it well.  A.have,in  B.have,by  C.has,in   D.has,by

  此题应选D。其余几项均容易被误选。这里主要涉及名词means(方式,方法,手段)的用法与搭配:

  1、单复数同形(永远有词尾-s)。若用作主语,其谓语的数需根据句意来确定。比较:

  1)All possible means have been tried.2)Every possible means has been tried.

  若句意不能明确地表明主语的单复数,其谓语则用单数或复数均可:

  Is are there any other means of doing it?做这事还有其它的什么办法吗?

  2、表示以某种方式、方法或手段,用介词by:

  Only by this means can you do it well.只有通过这种办法你才能做好此事。

  有时用by means of,意为:用,依靠:

  Thoughts are expressed by means of words.思想靠语言来表达。

  3、表示做某事的方法或手段,多接“of+(动)名词”:

  But they had no means of cooking them.但是他们没有办法来把它们煮熟。

  Taking a plane is the quickest means of getting there.去那儿最快的办法是坐飞机。
上一篇:英语专科自考科目 下一篇:2017年学位英语考试一个月通关秘诀